Assimilating Black children in the U.S.
Alton H.Maddox | , Jr. | 4/12/2011, 4:35 p.m.
By the 19th century, free Blacks were yearning for education. A few Blacks were able to benefit from private schools. The consensus in the nation, however, was that education should not be a public expense. To whites, education was a class issue. Blacks, on the other hand, believed that education should be available to everyone. To overcome Black illiteracy amid the Black masses in an English-speaking country, there was a need ab initio for English-speaking teachers. This meant public education. There was an issue of supply and demand. There were too few teachers for the Black masses.
Around 1800, the Industrial Revolution was in full bloom in England and it was right around the corner in the United States. There was a need for an immigrant workforce. Home schooling and private schools for the elite would not do the trick. Public schooling was the only option. White industrialists saw the light. The first public high school in the nation was established in Massachusetts in 1821. It was segregated.
The South would prohibit public education from becoming a public expense until after the Civil War. Black politicians led the charge for public education in the South during Reconstruction. They had allies in the North who were advocates of protectionism and militarism and they saw the need to transform the South from a slave economy to a wage economy. Public education was a part of Reconstruction in the South.
laws first arose in Massachusetts in 1852. It would eventually spread like wildfire to the entire nation. Forced schooling and the Industrial Revolution would become the seeds for the military-industrial complex. In 1961, President Dwight Eisenhower would predict the bloodless military coup that occurred in this country in 2000.It is still in play today.
This nation had to develop a trained, indoctrinated and patriotic feeder population for industry and the military. This was the Prussian paradigm. It was exported from Europe to the United States in the 1800s. The Citadel and the Virginia Military Institute were established in the 1800s to suppress Black rebellions. This was the emergence of the prototype for the military-industrial complex.
Forced schooling to many whites sounded like
forced labor. They would not take it lying down. The Ku Klux Klan and the Scottish Rite Masons in Oregon, for example, sponsored an initiative requiring children between the ages of 8 and 16 to attend public schools. While the Supreme Court in 1925 recognized the right of states to enact forced schooling laws, it also upheld the constitutional right of a parent to choose a private school. Of course, only the white elite could afford private education. The minds of rich children would remain intact. They still shun state-sponsored brainwashing.
Pierce v. Society of Sisters in 1925 recognized the right of a parent to protect a child from indoctrination by sending the child to a private school. In Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court was concerned about the enthusiasm of Black teachers in a segregated setting to indoctrinate Black children. The goal in Brown was indoctrination and assimilation.