Armstrong Williams | 1/23/2014, 3:41 p.m.
On Nov. 27, 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament, giving the largest share of his fortune to a series of prizes, the Nobel Prizes. As described in Nobel’s will, one part was dedicated to “the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.”
Peace comes through justice, which is the right ordering of things. If you seek peace, as we all do, then seek justice; otherwise, you will not find it. An unjust peace will not remain peaceful for long but will lead to conflict. The Holy Father, Pope Francis, made this beautifully clear in a homily on Cain and Abel during his day of fasting for peace earlier last year. He chose the reading about Cain and Abel to show that violence and conflict result from evil and selfishness—where there is violence, there is selfishness. In any given conflict, at least one person is behaving wrongly. How else could it come to be that we, who are all brothers, squabble, fight and even kill? We need to examine if there is a conflict or grudge in our lives right now: Am I the one being selfish? Am I the one causing this?
Just as society is made up of individuals, so too does societal peace break down when individuals do not have peace in their lives; societal injustices lead to conflict, and injustices or disordered activity in our lives leads to inner conflict. We can make a more peaceful world simply by trying to be just in our own lives, no matter how small the step we take. If we neglect our family, if we neglect our work, if we neglect our rest, then we will pay a price.
Justice is giving people what they deserve. As Dr. Thomas Sowell so perfectly crystallized, “I have never understood why it is ‘greed’ to want to keep the money you have earned but not greed to want to take somebody else’s money.” A similar thought was expressed by St. Paul to the Thessalonians about being sure to not feed those who are unwilling to work. How quickly does envy enter where people get what they do not deserve and others do not get what they deserve!
And envy leads to hatred. As St. Alphonsus Maria de Liguori pointed out, Cain’s first sin was not murder; his first sin was envy, then hate, then murder. Envy is a step on the way to murder. Why are we horrified of murder and not of envy? Why should you not abhor the envy that leads to hatred and abhor the hatred? Why should our politicians exploit envy to stay in office? In what kind of society would appeals to envy be popular? Would that be a just society? Would that be a peaceful society? I’ll let you answer.
The violation or disrespect for people’s rights is a prime example of a grave injustice and, therefore, the prime example of the instigation to violence and conflict. Everyone deserves to have their rights respected, no matter who they are. Theft, excessive taxation, excessive debt— these things all disrespect our property and our labor and keep us from a peaceful, ordered society. It is sad to say it, but most of us are looking in the wrong places to restore personal, social, political economic growth and development. For evidence, you need look no further than the deepening levels of poverty, crime, anger, envy, bitterness and hatred.