The lasting consequences of criminal convictions
David R. Jones | 11/19/2015, 3:59 p.m.
This Saturday, New Yorkers who want to resolve arrest warrants for failure to answer summons issued by the NYPD for minor charges such as drinking alcohol on the street, unlawful possession of marijuana, riding a bike on a sidewalk, disorderly conduct and other such offenses will get their chance.
The Manhattan District Attorney’s Office is partnering with Office of Court Administration and the Legal Aid Society on the Clean Slate warrant expungement event at the Soul Saving Church, located at 302 West 124th Street in West Harlem. From 9 am to 3 pm on Nov. 21, individuals residing in Manhattan who want to resolve summons warrants can do so, without fear of being arrested.
Hundreds of New Yorkers could benefit from this one-day event. Both District Attorney Cyrus Vance and Brooklyn District Attorney Kenneth Thompson, who has held similar events in Brooklyn, are to be commended for providing this important opportunity.
But for some individuals, problems will last long after the warrant is vacated. Why? Because in pleading guilty to the minor offenses and misdemeanors for which they’ve been charged, these New Yorkers may experience employment and housing consequences that haunt them for years to come.
Blacks and Latinos Disproportionately Impacted
Studies by leading researchers have shown that the “redemption time” — the time it takes for an individual’s likelihood of being arrested to be close to that of individuals with no criminal records — is between seven and thirteen years. In other words, after this time, criminal records predict very little. But they continue to act as real barriers to getting good jobs and stable housing.
With extremely limited exceptions, criminal records are not sealed in New York State and they are never expunged. Unlike any number of states in the country, including Pennsylvania, California and Massachusetts, which have enacted laws sealing or expunging certain conviction records, New York has not yet come to grips with the fact that stale criminal records held by millions of its citizens – the majority of them black and Latino – continue to exact harm on individuals and their families long after any predictive value has ended.
The New York City Fair Chance Act, which became effective late last month, will help ensure that individuals with criminal conviction histories are able to compete for employment on their merits, not eliminated before they even had a chance. The Community Service Society (CSS) played a key role in drafting and ensuring passage of this law, and we expect great things from it. But the fact remains that at some point – not at the outset of the job application, but after a conditional hiring offer is made – the job applicant will have to answer questions about their background. And convictions – even those from the 70s and 80s – will be discussed and considered.
The New York State legislature has time and again considered bills, including one supported by Chief Judge Jonathan Lippman, which would seal or suppress stale conviction records for civil purposes. These bills would preserve public safety by permitting the stale conviction information to be viewed by law enforcement. But they have gone nowhere.