Sexual harassment - A symptom of power play
Dr. Eva Bell | 10/11/2017, 11:13 a.m.
o There are stalkers who watch, follow, flash or bombard the victim with letters or e-mails.
o Many operate in groups, harassing women in buses, trains or on the roads by pulling their clothes, or touching their breasts or buttocks.
Effects of sexual harassment.
Psychologists are of the opinion that chronic sexual harassment has the same effect of rape or sexual assault. The message that harassers send out is that "You are a non-person. You don't matter. Therefore I am free to harass you."
- Many victims begin to show poor performance at work or in studies
- Some relocate to another city or job or college.
- The victim feels humiliated and is frustrated that she has no control of the situation.
- Depression, anxiety, headache or fatigue may follow. Some may go mad or attempt suicide.
How to deal with sexual harassment.
This is a punishable offence and each country has its own laws. Every woman should be aware of her rights under the law. Sexual harassment should be recognized and not ignored. The victim must put up resistance and show her distaste for such behaviour. She can have an open talk with her harasser and tell him to lay off.
This may lead to unpleasant repercussions especially if he is the boss. He may start picking faults with her work, send her memos, or withhold recommendations and make life miserable for her.
The victim should not give into self doubt and lose confidence in herself. By failing to challenge sexual harassment she can undermine her position. She should continue to go to work or college. But she should also document incidents of harassment, date, time, place and people involved and witnesses. She should make a complaint in writing with specific details, to whoever is in the supervising cadre.
It is good to talk to women who have been similarly harassed and form a mutually supportive group. There are many women's groups and NGOs who will take up the victim's cause if the management does not come to her help.
If harassment of a serious nature takes place in a public place, the matter should be brought to the attention of the police.
Responsibility of the employer.
- Employers both in public and private sector must take steps to prevent sexual harassment.
- There should be a definite policy on this matter, which should be published and circulated to all employees.
- A procedure for filing complaints should be mapped out. This should be time bound, and the victim should be assured of confidentiality and protection.
- A Grievance Committee with a woman at its head should review the complaint. The committee should be comprised of 50% women members where possible.
- Disciplinary action should be taken against the harasser. If his behaviour falls under criminal law, he should be reported to the police.
Any woman who complains about sexual harassment must steel herself for a backlash. She risks hostility, isolation, denigration of character or even physical harm.
It must be society's aim and responsibility to eliminate sexual harassment at all levels and in all situations, to preserve the dignity of women.
Eva Bell is a doctor of Medicine and also a freelance writer of articles, short stories, children stories. Published in Indian magazines and newspapers, anthologies and also on the web. Author of two novels, one non-fiction, two children's books. Special interest- Travel and Women's Issues. www.evabell.net
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