The first New Yorkers go to college tuition-free

Katie Lobosco | 9/9/2017, 7:39 a.m.
Florence Yu can't believe her luck. She's starting college the same year New York made tuition free for middle-class students ...
SUNY Albany Photo courtesy of SUNY Albany

Many won't qualify

An estimated 75,000 people applied for the scholarship this year, but an initial projection from the governor's office said only about 23,000 would receive it. An official number has yet to be released as summer course credits are counted and community college students continue to enroll for the fall semester.

Officials from several schools said the biggest reason why students were disqualified was because they receive other need-based grants that already cover the full cost of tuition. The Excelsior Scholarship doesn't offer additional funds to help with other expenses.

Other students are disqualified because their family income is too high. This year, the scholarship is offered to those who earn up to $100,000 a year. The limit will rise to $110,000 next year, and then up to $125,000 for the 2019-20 school year and thereafter.

Some critics say the Excelsior Scholarship may spend too many taxpayer dollars subsidizing the cost of tuition for students who would be enrolling anyway, and still leaves students from the lowest-income families behind. The program is expected to cost $87 million this year, and $163 million annually once fully implemented.

The scholarship is designed to help those students whose families previously earned a little too much to qualify for financial aid.

"While many students with the greatest financial aid have always attended CUNY tuition-free, far too many families just above the income eligibility -- which means most middle class families -- received little or no state or federal aid," said CUNY Chancellor James B. Milliken in a statement emailed to CNNMoney.

The Excelsior Scholarship will "help remedy this problem," he said.

Income isn't the only eligibility requirement. Students must be a state resident and they must maintain a full time schedule. That disqualifies many community college students going to school while working. It also makes it tough for adults wanting to return to school to finish a degree they started years ago.

Ahmad James, 35, is one of those students. He has stopped and started college twice. Once because two deaths in the family required him to help out at home, and once because of Hurricane Sandy, which forced him out of his apartment. He found a new place in Long Island, but it extended his commute to work and didn't leave time for class.

But after he applied for the Excelsior Scholarship, he was told he was ineligible because he "did not earn a sufficient number of credits in each year" he was previously enrolled. The program requires you to take an average of 30 credits a year.

He's working on finding other ways to help pay for college so he can advance his career in social services.

"I have the experience, but I need the piece of paper to do exactly what I want to do with my life," James said.

A 'positive buzz' on campus

It's too early to tell the impact the scholarship will have on New York's college campuses.

Many incoming freshmen had to enroll before officially being awarded the scholarship. Transfer students, though, were more likely to find out about the scholarship before making their decision. The University at Albany saw an 11% jump in applications from transfer students this year, which officials attribute at least in part to the Excelsior Scholarship.

More students are certainly expected to receive the scholarship in the future, as the income cap rises and awareness grows.

"It's creating a very positive buzz about public higher ed," said Stony Brook President Samuel Stanley.

"If you go around the country the story has generally been states pulling back on support of higher education, putting more of the burden on students and their families. So this is really changing that narrative in a very dramatic way," he said.