The Metropolitan Transportation Authority, facing constraints on resources in the midst of the national recession, approved a service cut along with a fare and toll hike for 2009.

The organization reported a $1.2 billion deficit caused by low taxes, high fuel costs and debt service but plan to increase revenue by 23 percent from fares and tolls.

“We needed to propose additional cuts,” said Kevin Ortiz, a spokesman for MTA.

Ortiz said MTA first began cost cutting initiatives in July when the organization proposed a 4.7 percent cost reduction and a 5 percent decrease in managerial services.

MTA submitted a budget for 2009 that prepared the organization for financial difficulty in the future. The plan included route modifications to trains, increased loading guidelines and reduce customer assistance programs and track cleaning.

But Ortiz said after considering service changes from July to November to cut costs, the financial plan had was modified to include more changes when the economy worsened.

Their budget for 2009 was approved yesterday by the Board of the MTA, comprised of mayor and governor appointees, advocates for riders and union representatives.

Under the new budget, MTA will integrate private bus lines under one umbrella; consolidate office functions, which will account for 6 percent decrease in expenditures.

“We are hoping that state legislators will act and implement changes of the Ravitch Commission,” Ortiz said, mentioning another cost cutting report for MTA released earlier this month. “If the changes the commission suggested are implemented, the majority of the service cuts and a substantial amount of the budget cuts will be mitigated.”