Mayoral Candidates, John Liu and Bill de Blasio, talk income inequality in NYC (37287)

Sitting in his office at 1 Centre St., Public Advocate and New York City mayoral candidate Bill de Blasio wanted to push one particular subject matter during his conversation with the AmNews: education.

It’s the core issue of his campaign, along with mainstays like housing and policing, but it’s education that revs his figurative engine. The public advocate focused particularly on two often ignored aspects of growing up in the school system: early-childhood education and after-school programs for middle school kids.

“The more I looked into pre-K–and I always bristle at this term being used in the city because it doesn’t exist [here]–our numbers are based on a pool of about 68,000 [4-year old] kids,” said de Blasio. “Last year, 10,000 got no pre-K, about 38,000 got half-day pre-K [and] about 20,000 got full-day pre-K, and that, to me, doesn’t allow us to move forward.

“It means for so many of our children, they’re missing early childhood education at the moment where it would have the greatest effect, which is 3 and 4 years old,” said de Blasio. “The ones who get half–it’s simply insufficient for their educational needs. It’s also insufficient for parents’ needs in terms of schedule.”

De Blasio told the AmNews that he’d like a heavier emphasis on what he believed to be the lynchpin of education in New York and felt that the money could easily come from the more well-off residents of the city. As part of his “Starting Early, Learning Longer” plan, de Blasio would increase the tax surcharge from 3.9 percent to 4.3 percent for resident who make $500,000 or more annually for five (just over the length of one mayoral term). The money from that tax surcharge would be used specifically for early-childhood programs and after-school programs for middle school kids, who he feels are just as vulnerable as early childhood.

“Going back to the time when I was on School Board District 15 in Brooklyn, a middle school is the part of our education system that often gets the least resources when dealing with, in many ways, the toughest times in a kid’s life–a transitional time. The school only has the kids for three years, which is not enough time to make a consistent imprint. And if we want middle school to work, we need to stretch out the school day.” De Blasio said he would rather tax those well-off who he feels are willing to pay for a better education for young New Yorkers rather than “getting into a lengthy contract battle [with the unions], like you see in other parts of the country.”

The public advocate’s idea for this plan springs from his experience working under the David Dinkins administrations’ “Safe Street, Safe City” program. That program, from over 20 years ago, was set for seven years and was also funded through an increase in the tax surcharge. It included early childhood and the Beacon after-school program. De Blasio also wanted to remind New Yorkers to give Dinkins a little credit for the city’s rejuvenation in the 1990s.

“Even though dear [Rudy] Giuliani likes to take credit, the fact is that the resources he used to make the city safer largely came from a program imitated by David Dinkins and approved by the Legislature,” de Blasio said.

Even though de Blasio served on School Board District 15, he believes that mayoral control of schools is a good thing. However, the candidate told the AmNews that he would “modify” it and include parents and others into the decision making process … with the buck stopping with the mayor and the schools chancellor.

“Mayoral control of education is a better system than the school board system that we had before,” de Blasio told the AmNews. “As a citywide matter, it was not an effective enough system. But the way the mayors approached mayoral control, I think, is too narrow and too undemocratic, not responsive to parents and I don’t think it has to be that way. I would like to give more power to community education councils. I would like to give more power to the education policy panel. I still think, in the end, the mayor and the chancellor have to make the final decision, but both of those levels can provide a serious check and balance and lead to better outcomes.” De Blasio didn’t state specifically how those powers would be divided.

Another issue de Blasio tackled during the sit-down conversation was the recent story of the New York City Housing Authority’s idea to sell land on public housing property to private developers for luxury housing. Current Mayor Michael Bloomberg called it a “creative idea.” De Blasio called for an assurance that this isn’t another roundabout way to push low-income New Yorkers off of highly coveted property.

“I think people who live in public housing–a hugely important part of their city–they need assurances that ‘creative ideas’ don’t undermine their rights to quality affordable housing,” said de Blasio. “And I think they have every reason to be cynical when you look at how NYCHA’s been run during the Bloomberg years … particularly the problem with repairs. The number one citizen complaint that we get in this office is NYCHA repair problems, so I think there’s a broad sense with the residents of public housing that they’re not important to the agenda at City Hall as they should be.

“They’re skeptical about city policies and for good reason,” de Blasio said.

When commenting about Bloomberg, de Blasio said that some of his ideas haven’t been undertaken by the administration because of the tax increase requirement, but he felt that hadn’t stopped Bloomberg before when it helped his agenda.

“He does not believe in taxing the rich,” said de Blasio. “Now when he wanted to tax the rich after 9/11, at a rate even a little above what I’m talking about, then it was OK. And as recently as only a few years ago, he was saying that the rich aren’t gonna leave New York City because it’s New York City. And he’s suddenly changed his tune in recent years, saying if you tax the rich, they’ll all leave,” said de Blasio. De Blasio is looking to stay in New York, and most of its current residents are as well. What the city will look like in four years remains to be seen.