Roy Campbell Jr. was known for wearing his baseball caps pulled down and his rigorous trumpet sound, which earned him a position as one of the beacons of the avant-garde beat.
The trumpeter, who passed away on Jan. 9, had a New York sound that was edgy like the city and full of improvisations, but he never rushed. His trumpet voice was a hypnotic staple that demanded attention throughout the city and international set.
Campbell played the 18th annual New York Vision Festival—one of the few festivals dedicated to avant-garde music last year with his Akhenaten Ensemble, where he had been a force since its inception. The festival is a presentation of the nonprofit organization Arts for Art, which was founded by bassist William Parker and Patricia Nicholson Parker. The trumpeter began his longtime friendship and collaborations with Parker when the bassist asked him to join his Ensemble Muntu in 1978.
Campbell was a multi-instrumentalist whose stage arsenal often included his flügelhorn, a pocket trumpet and various mutes, including a toilet plunger. He often included his flute and even a recorder. By the time Campbell graduated from Manhattan Community College in 1975, where he studied composition (flute and flügelhorn) with Yusef Lateef, he was already leading his own band, Spectrum, and gaining a reputation as an abled sideman.
Leaders who called upon Campbell’s spirited trumpet included Marcus Miller, Woody Shaw, Cecil Taylor, John Zorn, Henry Grimes, Sun Ra, Wilbur Ware, Kenny Kirkland, Henry Threadgill, Eddie Harris, Billy Bang, Matthew Shipp and Rashied Ali. Campbell’s own groups that forged a path through the improvisational avant-garde terrain included Spectrum, Other Dimensions in Music, Shades and Colors of Trane, Tazz, Pyramid Trio (a pianoless trio with William Parker) and Downtown Horns.
Before Campbell began exploring the realms of avant-garde, he played it straight, adding his sound to a few big bands, and getting down in R&B bands, rock and reggae groups. Listening to him, one would get a colorful mixture of his sounds that often crossed genres, utilizing his soulful expression.
Campbell’s later work as a composer and arranger included film scores, off-Broadway arrangements and television appearances. His work is demonstrated in “Survival in New York,” “The Selling of Harlem,” “Parole in Death,” “Ludwig” and “Hughes’ Dream Harlem,” a Black Star Entertainment special about Langston Hughes directed by Jamal Joseph. His television credits include appearances on ABC, CBS, NBC, PBS, UPN and cable networks.
His first album as a leader, “New Kingdom,” came in 1991 on the Delmark label. His 2001 album, “Ethnic Stew and Brew,” was one of the top five albums of the year on the Jazz Times Critic Poll. He was also nominated “Trumpeter of the Year” by the Jazz Journalists’ Association in 2002, and received an award as a Harlem Unsung Hero of Afrikan-Amerikan Classical Music at the Lenox Lounge in 2003. Campbell recorded over 200 albums as a sideman and 20 as a leader.
He has performed with dancers including Leena Conquest, Aleta Hayes, K.J. Holmes, Maria Mitchell and Patricia Nicholson Parker. His music accompanied the poets Umar bin Hassan (of the Last Poets), Steve Dalachinsky, Shirley LeFlore, Felipe Luciano (of the original Last Poets) and David Nelson.
Campbell was born in Los Angeles in 1952 and grew up in New York, his family making their residence in the northeast Bronx. As achild, he began music lessons as a child on the piano, which was inspired by his father, who played trumpet. By the time he got to high school, Campbell played flute, recorder and violin. As a high school senior, he began studying trumpet.
Campbell met Lee Morgan at the Bronxwood Inn (a then-popular jazz spot in the northeast Bronx) in the late 1960s. It was Morgan who introduced him to Jazzmobile in 1971, where he began participating in its workshops and working with Morgan, as well as with jazz masters Kenny Dorham, Howard McGhee and Joe Newman.
He lived in the Netherlands from 1990 to 1992, working as a freelance musician and lecturer and leading conservatory workshops. He was the leader of the Thelonious New World Orchestra in Rotterdam for two years; he played with the bands of Ruud Bergamin, Klaas Hekman and Dennis Winter.
Upon returning to the United States, he began leading his own group as well as composing and arranging for various musical projects. He and fellow trumpeter Dave Douglas co-founded the Festival of New Trumpet Music, which played a role in significantly supporting established and emerging players. Campbell’s comprehension of the music was universal, and those were the seeds he planted for his many followers and all those who listened and will continue to listen to his inspirational music that had no boundaries.
In remembrance of Campbell, donations can be made to the nonprofit organization Arts for Art at 107 Suffolk St., New York, N.Y. You may also call 212-254-5420.
His funeral was held on Jan. 15 at St Luke’s Episcopal Church in the north Bronx.