Many were optimistic when Mayor Bill de Blasio promised to lead a new affordable housing construction surge that would deliver 200,000 new and renovated units of housing to New York City over a decade.

“All told, our plan will create hundreds of thousands of construction jobs—and over 20,000 permanent jobs,” de Blasio boasted in his State of the City speech.

Under the watch of this progressive mayor, we finally had reason to hope that those jobs might go to individuals and families who live in and look like the city. However, the early indicators are not promising.

New York City has approximately 178,000 construction-industry jobs. De Blasio’s plan will bring that number close to 200,000, and add another 100,000 new construction-related jobs. Few of those are likely to bring down Black unemployment, which, by best estimates, is two times the citywide average, or Latino unemployment, which is 1.5 times the citywide average. If you dig deeper into neighborhoods and communities, you find Black male unemployment can reach as high as three or four times that of whites.

New York City has a robust sector of construction unions. They have sustained thousands of good jobs. They have increased access to the middle class for tens of thousands more. Unfortunately, too few of those jobs have gone to people of color. According to the Building Congress, only 13 percent of the industry is Black, and that includes all construction-related jobs. Moreover, a full 91 percent of the construction industry is male.

The administration has made diversity part of its strategic plan for New York City’s growth. De Blasio has made a point of creating an administration that looks more like the city and of working to diversify the NYPD. The city’s small business commissioner touts the fact that the city has significantly increased the number of contracts awarded to minority- and women-owned businesses.

De Blasio has even initiated a push to study the diversity—or lack thereof—on the boards of directors of the city’s major cultural institutions. The push should be just as aggressive on construction sites as it is in nonprofit boardrooms. These are among the jobs that Black men, who disproportionately lack college degrees, crave. There are seven concrete measures that the administration can undertake to begin the process of diversification:

1.) Create a pipeline from social programs, that service Blacks and Latinos, such as public housing, prison re-entry programs, job readiness and training programs, on one end and connect with placement specialists and construction industry employers. The Office of Workforce Development should re-tool into a clearinghouse for available jobs and available labor.

2.) Create a workforce mandate for projects receiving public subsidies and abatements. This mandate would mean hiring and retaining capable individuals receiving some form of public benefit.

3.) Increase incentivizes for workforce candidate hiring and employee retention through expanded tax credits for hiring and a subsidized pay schedule to catalyze the transition from job to career.

4.) Invest in existing training programs that service Blacks and Latinos and have job placement capacity.

5.) Expand training capacity by working with industry leaders, construction unions and education professionals to create specialized training courses that lead to certifications in skilled vocations, such as plumbing, iron, steel, concrete work and crane operation.

6.) Team with skilled construction unions to expand apprenticeship programs and make local hiring a staple of Project Labor Agreements.

7.) Put CTE schools (career and technical training) into the workforce pipeline by placing career guidance professionals in the schools and create a joint venue for students and employers to engage early in the educational process. Achieving diversity in the construction industry will take concessions from the unions, require reform within the development and construction industry and a commitment from the administration to industry diversification and allocating the resources necessary to develop a dynamic and diverse workforce.

As difficult as diversification is, it is a must if we are going to tackle the lack of economic mobility for people of color. This discussion is decades overdue, but it is ripe. The mayor’s numbers are too big for people who look like the city not to benefit in equal measure.

Kirsten John Foy is a civil rights activist and president of Brooklyn National Action Network.