Actors (front, L To R) Clarice Taylor, Dee Dee Bridgewater, Ted Ross and Tiger Haynes with cast in a scene from the Broadway musical "The Wiz" (154659)
Credit: Martha Swope

Tony Award-winning choreographer George Faison perches on the edge of his seat in front of the mirrored wall of his Harlem rehearsal studio. He is working with some 20 young dancers preparing for the upcoming celebration of the 40th anniversary of the 1970s Broadway smash hit “The Wiz.” The long-limbed, technically impressive group listens to Faison’s corrections then takes their places poised like thoroughbreds at the starting gate.

“OK, let’s try it again,” Faison says, “Five, six, seven, eight. Go!”

They fly across the studio floor, leaping and turning in tight clusters crisscrossing each other with split-second timing before running in an ever-tightening circle like a swirling tornado. Ever the perfectionist, Faison hops up and counts loudly while tracing the path the dancers must follow to create the climax that made this dance a Broadway showstopper. Timing is everything. Pointing to one group of dancers, Faison says, “You lead the swirl. Folks, when I say go, get the hell up and go. Now, again.”

The clock is ticking. In a few days, this dance will be part of a show heralding “The Wiz: The Super Soul Musical ‘Wonderful Wizard of Oz,’” the all-Black musical that opened at Broadway’s Majestic Theatre in 1975. With book by William F. Brown, music and lyrics by Charlie Smalls with Timothy Graphenreed, Harold Wheeler and Luther Vandross, this retelling of L. Frank Baum’s children’s tale was a huge success. In fact, it won seven Tony Awards, including for Best Musical, Best Original Score, Best Direction (Geoffrey Holder), Best Costume Design (Geoffrey Holder), Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical (Dee Dee Bridgewater), Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical (Ted Ross) and, of course, the Tony that made Faison the first African-American to win for Best Choreography.

Faison says it was a performance by his spunky, spectacular George Faison Universal Dance Experience at Central Park’s open-air Delacorte Theater during Joe Papp’s Public Theatre summer dance concerts that led to “The Wiz” gig. “My company was the last on the program. We got a standing ovation. The audience didn’t want to leave. Management had to turn the lights on and ask people to please leave the park! Producer Ken Harper came backstage and told me, ‘I’m doing a show, a take off on ‘The Wizard of Oz’ with a Black cast.’ He had Andre De Shields with him. He asked me to choreograph it.”

That was in 1971. In the meantime, Faison made his Broadway choreographic debut with “Don’t Bother Me, I Can’t Cope.” Then came “The Wiz,” the game changer. All in all, Faison has choreographed 30 plays and musicals, worked in television and choreographed for such artists as Stevie Wonder, Ashford and Simpson, Earth, Wind and Fire, Roberta Flack and Gladys Knight and the Pips.

This year’s 40th anniversary celebration takes place August 12, 7 p.m. at the Central Park’s SummerStage at Rumsey Playfield and again on August 13 and 14 at 7 p.m. in Harlem’s Marcus Garvey Park. Faison and actress Phylicia Rashad will host. Excited, Faison says singers De Shields, Bridgewater (Aug. 12 only) and Ebony Jo-Ann will reprise their original roles. Tony Award nominee, Stephanie Mills’ role as Dorothy will be sung by Darlesia Cearcy who was her understudy on Broadway.

Over the show’s four-decade history, the cast has featured an impressive roster that includes dancers Hinton Battle, Lettie Battle, Eleanor McCoy, Andy Torres and former Ailey company members Gary DeLoatch, Michael Peters and Loretta Abbott, among others. “Hundreds of Black performers got their Equity union card thanks to ‘The Wiz,’” Faison said proudly, noting that the show also spawned numerous touring companies at home and abroad. Of course, there is also the 1978 film starring Diana Ross, Michael Jackson, Nipsey Russell, Lena Horne, Richard Pryor, Thelma Carpenter and Theresa Merritt. In fact, “The Wiz” is still the gift that keeps on giving. Later this year, NBC will revive the musical with Cirque du Soleil as co-producer, featuring Queen Latifa as the Wizard and Mary J. Blige as the Wicked Witch of the West, and rumors suggest that Beyonce is “in talks to star as Glinda the Good Witch.”

“‘The Wiz’ is part of our theatrical history,” Faison says later while seated in the sundrenched office he shares with partner Tad Schnugg at the Faison Firehouse Theater on Hancock Place, a stone’s throw from the hustle and bustle of 125th Street. Faison bought the abandoned building in 1999, and with meticulous renovations, he converted it into a neighborhood gem—a 350-seat auditorium, cafe, dance and rehearsal space and recording studio. Its official opening featured none other than Faison’s friend, the late author and artist Maya Angelou, whose wisdom he says has helped him navigate what many would describe as a charmed life.

“‘The Wiz’ for me represents a departure from the kind of theater that I grew up on. Geoffrey Holder, who took over as director from Gilbert Moses just before the show opened, helped create a fantasy of color, of costume. I was able to play with that and with the richness of my dance experience, all my dance experience,” Faison says. He was also able to do four decades ago what many white choreographers have done, he adds. “I didn’t sign away my right to my creativity, my intellectual property, so I’ve never had to go hat in hand begging for the right to do work I created.”

Thanks to his business savvy, Faison has managed to not merely survive, but to thrive. From the day this Washington, D.C., native saw the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater perform while he was a student at Howard University, he knew what he wanted to do. Scuttling plans to become a dentist, he moved to New York City, joined the AAADT (1967 to 1969), leaving later to join the Broadway hit “Purlie” and then form his own company. As a dancer, Faison wowed audiences and critics alike. Of his performance in the “Sinner Man” section of Ailey’s “Revelations,” Times writer Jennifer Dunning gushed over “the sight of that gangling frame sliding across the floor” and “the nonchalant force of his spinning turns.” His early choreography made an equally strong impression. “Suite Otis,” still in the Ailey company repertory, once prompted former Times critic Clive Barnes to praise his “authentic choreographic gift” as showing “more than a touch of brilliance.”

Now, Aug. 12 to 14, New York audiences attending the 40th anniversary celebration of the dance and music of “The Wiz” will be able to experience that touch of brilliance and more.