Titus Kaphar’s “Beyond The Myth of Benevolence,” Kara Walker’s “African/American,” and Aaron Douglas’ “Into Bondage” move slowly across the screen during the sequence of Timothy Greenfield-Sanders’ documentary “Toni Morrison: The Pieces I Am,” where the impact of America’s history of Black enslavement on the author’s work is discussed. Charles White’s “I Have A Dream” appears during the discussion of Morrison’s novel “Beloved” and its treatment of Black motherhood. They are powerful, multilayered symbols that simultaneously illustrate what is being discussed as they force the viewer to feel the horrors of the so-called “peculiar institution.”

Greenfield-Sanders, a lifelong portrait photographer turned filmmaker who began photographing Morrison in 1981, deftly makes Black art a focal point in this culturally rich, intimate, warm, smart, funny film about the literary great. Not surprisingly, it was an artist who spearheaded the incorporation of art into the film. He explains, “Early on I showed a few minutes of the film to Rashid Johnson who was visiting New York for portraits and he loved what we were doing. He started giving us names of other artists. He said, ‘You have to look at Charles White, you have to look at this person or that person, Romare Bearden,’ etc. I said ‘I know those artists.’ So we started writing down names.”

Having a wish list is great, but getting people to agree to have their work in a film, may or may not be easy. Greenfield-Sanders’ interaction with artist Mickalene Thomas, who created the collage that is in the opening of the film, typifies the reactions he received from most artists and/or their estates that he approached. He says, “I called her up out of the blue and said ‘I’m directing a film about Toni Morrison.’ She said, ‘You can stop right there. I’m in!’”

The haunting “The Modern Medea” by Thomas Satterwhite Noble being the exception, the numerous paintings used in the film were by African-American artists. This was intentional, says Greenfield-Sanders. “I wanted to bring more art by African-Americans into the film itself.” The Modern Medea, of course, depicts the real-life events that inspired Morrison’s “Beloved.”

In addition to the artists mentioned above, works by Romare Bearden, Elizabeth Catlett, Kerry James Marshall, David Hammons, Faith Ringgold, Lorna Simpson and many others show up in the film. There is watercolor, woodcut, collage, ink, pencil, charcoal, acrylic, even a Jack Whitten mosaic. The works are used to elicit emotion as an integral aspect of the viewer experience. Greenfield-Sanders was clearly thinking as much about how to bring the viewer into the experience, making it interactive, as he was about the information he was delivering.

As often as the art might illustrate something being discussed, it is used to set a mood or vibe. “I think we were looking for art that would say something or make you feel a certain way and not to be totally illustrative if that’s a word. It wasn’t like we were putting a painting in there because it was illustrating something someone said. It needed to do more than that; it needed to also make you feel something.” Greenfield-Sanders succeeded in doing just that.

Like a typical documentary, there are numerous interviews with Morrison’s friends and colleagues such as Sonia Sanchez, Walter Mosley, Fran Liebowitz and Oprah Winfrey. For the most part, recollections of experiences with Morrison are told with a light touch without trivializing them.

There is the expected archival video and photo footage. What a viewer may not expect is how much Morrison laughs at herself. Also a pleasant surprise is the use of numerous artistic photographic images and pitch perfect (no pun intended) score by Kathryn Bostic that further heightens the aesthetic experience.

The film takes us from Morrison’s (born Chloe Wofford) childhood in Lorain, Ohio, through her college experiences at Howard University and Cornell, through her stint as an editor at Alfred Knopf, to subsequent literary fame. It is replete with funny anecdotes from Morrison as well as the commentators that get at the essence of Morrison as a writer who took on work as an author, editor and educator. Says Greenfield-Sanders, “I really wanted to show the full Toni Morrison not just the writer. The single mother, the teacher, the editor at Random House. All of those things were important. It’s just weaving them together that was the trip.”

It’s the perfect calibration of Morrison as a daughter, friend, mother, co-worker, role model. The viewer learns firsthand why she wrote, how she wrote, and for whom who she wrote.

“Toni Morrison: The Pieces I Am” goes into wide release June 21, 2019.