In early June 2019, in an opinion piece for the television industry trade magazine BROADCASTING & CABLE, I expressed my displeasure and befuddlement at AT&T/DirecTV discontinuing retransmission consent negotiations that had been underway for months with my Howard StirkHoldings’ stations. I thought the Pay TV titan was wrongfully (and selfishly) using its monopolistic and gatekeeping power against my local free-to-the-home TV stations. As one of the very few African American TV owners in the country, I also thought AT&T/DirecTV was impacting diversity by truncating my market access, limiting viewer choices, and trenching upon cherished First Amendment values which hold that more voices are better than fewer. I urged AT&T/DirecTV to return to negotiations.
To my chagrin, however, the response I and several other similarly situated small station operators who use a joint negotiating agent got was the filing of a complaint at the FCC by AT&T/DirecTV. The complaint did not claim that we had violated the FCC rule specifically governing joint negotiations. That rule (47 CFR § 76.65(b)(1)(viii)) prohibits only joint negotiations among independent broadcasters “in the same local market,” and none of the targeted stations share a local market. Moreover, many of the stations had used the same joint agent in successfully completing agreements with AT&T/DirecTV during the 2016 RTC negotiations round. Instead, the gravamen of AT&T/DirecTV’s complaint is that we are not negotiating in “good faith” by having a joint agent.
AT&T/DirecTV’s complaint is a naked effort to achieve through an adjudicatory proceeding the type of blanket prohibition on joint RTC negotiations that it has been unable to achieve through the FCC’s rulemaking process or its expensive and extensive lobbying efforts in Congress. Indeed, if AT&T/DirecTV truly believed that this group of small stations had violated their good faith obligation in renegotiating RTC agreements it would have brought its complaint following the exact same process in 2016. It did not, and it should not have done so in 2019.
To be sure, the FCC has considered rulemaking proposals—including in 2011 and 2015—that would have prohibited joint negotiations among broadcasters altogether. AT&T/DirecTV enthusiastically supported those proposals, but the FCC decided on a narrower approach and prohibited only joint negotiations among broadcasters in the same local market. Having failed twice to get its desired prohibition adopted by the FCC, AT&T/DirecTV cannot now reasonably argue that the prohibition exists nonetheless and using a joint negotiating agent violates the rule when it doesn’t.
In an effort to nevertheless claim that even if having a joint agent is not a per se violation of the rule, because AT&T/DirecTV also had a nondisclosure agreement in place with the joint negotiating agent in 2016, the “totality of the circumstances” establish a failure to negotiate in good faith. Hog wash! The 2016 NDA was in place when AT&T/DirecTV and many of the same parties involved now successfully completed their RTC negotiations. Clearly it was not an issue, then or now. In addition, throughout the 2019 RTC negotiations, AT&T/DirecTV was engaged in active negotiations with the same joint agent without issue. It wasn’t until AT&T/DirecTV started to pull out of its negotiations that it even raised the 2016 NDA as an issue, and even after filing its complaint AT&T/DirecTV has continued to acknowledge and engage with the joint agent for the involved stations.
To add further smoke but no light, AT&T/DirecTV also made unsupported allegations against Sinclair Broadcast Group (Sinclair who I partner with in JSA’s & SSA’s agreements for my Myrtle Beach and Flint, Michigan stations), the broadcaster the Pay TV industry loves to hate, suggesting it must be behind the failure to conclude successful RTC negotiations this year. Perhaps unsurprisingly, it did not actually seek any relief or FCC action against Sinclair related to those allegations. Obviously, those allegations were simply designed to attract media attention for its complaint. In any event, the totality of the actual circumstances demonstrates that the stations involved in negotiating for RTC with AT&T/DirecTV have acted in good faith throughout the entire course of the joint negotiations, both now and in 2016.
Nonetheless, AT&T/DirecTV’s objective in filing its complaint against my HSH stations is obvious: seek government intervention in private negotiations to divide and conquer small, secondary market stations by forcing them to negotiate separately and lose their skillful private negotiator. Even though AT&T/DirecTV is the largest MVPD in the country, it apparently believes that its negotiating position would be improved by an FCC order declaring joint RTC negotiations off-limits for broadcast stations. But it is absurd on its face that AT&T/DirecTV needs the government’s help in private negotiations with my HSH stations and the eight other small broadcast station groups it has targeted.
Meanwhile, as reported by The New York Times July 20, 2019, and MULTICHANNEL NEWS magazine July 5, 2019, in just the past six weeks alone, AT&T/DirecTV has leveraged its market power to force the blackout of 120 Nexstar stations in 97 markets and the loss of CBS-programming for 6.5 million customers. This is apparently part of a broader strategy to isolate broadcasters and manufacture controversy while it continues to vigorously lobby Congress to renew STELAR and seek more favorable terms to the MVPD industry.
Neither the FCC or the public should condone AT&T/DirecTV’s bullying tactics, let alone allow it to dictate the outcome of marketplace negotiations by depriving a handful of small station groups of a critical tool in their retransmission consent negotiations with the nation’s largest MVPD, the right to continue using joint negotiating agents for stations in separate markets.
AT&T/DirecTV should instead focus on serving its customers and advancing the public interest, which means fairly negotiating and paying for the unique and popular programming local, free-to-the home television provides. I earnestly pray they will do so, and will return to the negotiating table in good faith.
Armstrong Williams is sole owner/manager of Howard Stirk Holdings I & II Broadcast Television Stations and the 2016 Multicultural Media Broadcast Owner of the year.