By a unanimous vote, the national NAACP Board of Directors passed a resolution on May 19 supporting the North Carolina petition for individual pardons of innocence for the Wilmington 10.
The motion was introduced during the NAACP board retreat in Miami.
“The NAACP affirmed its support for the ‘Wilmington 10,’ a group of civil rights activists who were falsely convicted in  and spent nearly a decade in jail for their dissenting political views,” the board said in a May 24 press release, calling the vote “among topics of major resolutions.”
According to the NAACP’s website, “Resolutions passed by the NAACP National Board of Directors set national policy for the 103-year-old civil rights organization, and provide guidance for NAACP state conferences and local units in their advocacy efforts.”
Passage of the resolution reaffirms the support expressed two months ago by NAACP President and CEO Benjamin Todd Jealous, who told North Carolina newspapers the Wilmington Journal and the Carolinian of Raleigh that as long as the North Carolina NAACP was onboard, he supported the pardon effort all the way. “It’s a priority for [the North Carolina NAACP]; it’s a priority for us,” Jealous said on March 24 during a visit to Raleigh for the NAACP Southeast Regional meeting. “And so in the case of the Wilmington 10…we will push and support our state conference in their push to ensure that finally their names are cleared.”
Saying that it was “one of the proudest things I’ve ever done in my life,” the Rev. William Barber, president of the North Carolina NAACP and a national NAACP board member, and veteran civil rights attorney Al McSurely of Chapel Hill, N.C., crafted the resolution’s language.
Barber, who is also chair of the national NAACP’s Political Action Committee, then asked NAACP Chairwoman Roslyn Brock to have the meeting agenda amended to allow for the proposed resolution to be heard, which it was without objection.
Guilford County, N.C., Commissioner Carolyn Q. Coleman, an NAACP Executive Committee board member, introduced the motion, and after strong lobbying by both Coleman and Barber, it passed unanimously.
“What this means is not only do we have a public endorsement of the [national] NAACP,” said Barber, “but passage of a board resolution makes this an NAACP policy throughout the entire association, and the full weight and structure [of the NAACP] is available to support and promote the call for a pardon [of innocence].
“This is why Ms. Coleman and I felt it necessary to insist and ensure that this resolution passed.”
The draft resolution to the NAACP Board supporting the petition for pardons of innocence for the Wilmington 10 reads:
“WHEREAS in September 1972, 10 young North Carolinians were tried and convicted of major felonies in New Hanover County [N.C.];
“AND WHEREAS after the dust settled, it turned out their main crime was trying to obey the law, namely the requirements of the U.S. Constitution and the U.S. Supreme Court to dismantle the separate and unequal school systems of New Hanover County;
“AND WHEREAS the young people were Benjamin Chavis, Wayne Moore, Marvin Patrick, Connie Tindall, James McKoy, Willie Vereen, Reginald Epps, Anne Shepard-Turner, William ‘Joe’ Wright and Jerry Jacobs, and were popularly called ‘The Wilmington 10’;
“AND WHEREAS in 1980, after the young people had spent many years in prison, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit ruled they had been victims of outrageous acts of prosecutorial misconduct, Chavis v. State of North Carolina, 637 F.2d 213, using language all too familiar to those of us who believe in racial justice in North Carolina, saying: ‘The prosecution’s failure to produce…to defense counsel the ‘amended’ statement and the record of the hospitalization of the state’s key witness and the restrictions upon cross-examination of the key witness and another about favorable treatment which might have induced favorable testimony require us to overturn the convictions’
“AND WHEREAS such gross prosecutorial misconduct is too often associated with the trials of poor minorities and civil rights activists;
“AND WHEREAS each time this linkage is validated by higher courts, it widens the breach in our human family and aggravates the hurts of past indignities;
“AND WHEREAS our constitution does not empower the courts to repair and heal such breaches and wounds, but rather places such acts of human compassion in the governor’s hands;
“NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the National NAACP will do all in its power to help its North Carolina Conference of NAACP Branches and its broad Historic Thousands on Jones Street Coalition in convincing the Hon. Gov. Beverly Perdue to grant a full pardon to the Wilmington 10 and become, as the Prophet Isaiah would say, ‘a repairer of the breach.’
NNPA columnist Dr. Benjamin F. Chavis Jr., leader of the Wilmington 10 and past executive director of the national NAACP, upon hearing the news of the resolution, said, “May God continue to bless the NAACP.”
The North Carolina NAACP has been very active in the newly launched Wilmington 10 pardon movement.
Last week, during its annual lobbying day at the North Carolina General Assembly, the North Carolina NAACP held a meeting with the Legislative Black Caucus, putting on a presentation about the Wilmington 10 case and the pardon effort.
By the end of that presentation, Black lawmakers voted unanimously to support the campaign and send a collective letter to Gov. Beverly Purdue, asking her to declare individual instances of “actual innocence” for each Wilmington 10 member.
Barber says he wants to have meetings with the faith community, starting in Wilmington, to get as much support from the clergy for the Wilmington 10 as possible.
Cash Michaels, a reporter for the Wilmington Journal and the Carolinian, is also the designated coordinator for the Wilmington 10 Pardons of Innocence Project, which is sponsored by the National Newspaper Publishers Association. Go to the project’s Facebook page to learn more.